Fear something and it gains power over you.
Fear is a rational emotional response to a real threat. Pathological anxiety is an irrational emotional resonse to an imagined threat. If you walk down a dark alley in an unfamiliar city and a stranger stops you with a drawn gun, you experience fear. If you walk down a familiar street in broad daylight, and begin to imagine that some disaster is about to descend upon you without warning, you experience pathological anxiety. The two are tangled together. And it is not always possible to clearly distinguish them.
It is very appropriate to speak of 'worrying about worry'. Persons with neurotic tendencies tend to chew on their anxieties the way dogs chew on bones. There is a circular quality to their thinking, and the circle takes them downward until they are a quivering mass of apprehension. This is one of the characteristic aspects of pathological anxiety.
A type of anxiety often experienced by troubled persons is called free-floating anxiety. It is 'free-floating' because it is attached to nothing. It can be described as a cloud that follows the person everywhere, as if it were on a string. And the anxiety casts a long shadow over existence, making the individual constantly on the alert.
The overanxious person is hypervigilant. Anything and anyone may pose a hazard. There is a persistent state of arousal. The pulse is elevated, respirations are rapid, and blood pressure is high. This is essentially a fight-or-flight reaction. But where is the enemy? What is the source of threat?
Anxiety is a most distressing symptom. It is no wonder that antianxiety drugs have become perhaps the most popular prescription medicines ever produced. It is intolerable to be in a steady state of anxiety. Escape is essential.
Other signs and symptoms related to the major symptom of anxiety are:
- Tight muscles
- Feeling tired
- Difficulty breathing
- Being cross and out of sorts
- Problems in maintaining attention
- Sleep disturbances
A breathing difficulty can refer to labored breathing or hyperventilation. The diaphragm, involved in the action of the lungs, is also a muscle. And it can be overly tight. When there is perpetual, low-grade anxiety the person often works too hard when breathing. On the other hand, if there is hyperanxiety or a panic attack, there is great excitement. And the individual may hyperventilate.
Chronic anxiety interferes with happiness. Therefore, it is understandable that its victims are often cross and out of sorts. A worried person may have a problem in attending to tasks, a lecture, or to something being read. The fantasies and random thoughts associated with the anxiety draw attention away from the objective, external world toward the subjective, internal world. Such individuals often seem to be 'somewhere else'.
Anxiety is a complicating factor in sleep disturbances. Assume that anxiety and its related symptoms are chronic. And also assume that the individual experiences substantial distress. In a case such as this, the psychiatric term used to describe the syndrome is generalized anxiety disorder (anxiety neurosis).
Worring About Money? Did You Know :
Credit ratings and credit history are very important when taking loans are considered. When making a loan application the client will be asked for details of any previous borrowings and whether they are still current or paid off. Normally staff of the loans approval department will then telephone the other lenders mentioned and ask for details of how the applicants have conducted their accounts. If they start to hear comments like "slow payer" or "never pays until the final notice is sent" the chance of getting a loan lessens. No lender likes the bother of people who have to be chased continually for money.
A good credit rating, like a good reputation, is one of the most valuable things anybody can have. It is advisible to make your loan payments on time and honour your obligations for loans made. There may come a time when you badly need to borrow money for a worthwhile purpose and a bad payment history may mean missing out on a great opportunity.
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